In an old post, I talked about various solar deities. Here is my list on common lunar deities:
Unlike most cultures that have a feminine lunar deity, India has Chandra, son of Aditi and Kashyapa.
It is believed that he is married to the twenty seven main nakshatras, or stars. However, he showed more preference to his fourth wife, Rohini, and ignored the remaining twenty six.
His other wives, upset by this went and complained to their father Daksha. Despite several warnings, Chandra did not change his behavior. This made Daksha very angry, and he cursed Chandra to lose his brilliance.
The worried Chandra sought refuge with Lord Shiva, who said that Chandra deserved this punishment. But when Chandra (who was beginning to fade) begged for mercy, Shiva relented. He said that the curse could not be reversed, but could be modified.
After Chandra faded away completely, he would again slowly get back his shine, which would again begin to fade away slowly, and…Well, you get the point. This story explains the waxing and waning of the moon.
Ibis-headed Thoth is one of the lunar deities of Egypt. He often appears as an ibis or a baboon, both of which are his sacred animals. He was the mediator between good and evil, keeping Ma’at in equilibrium. He also served as a scribe to the gods, and is believed to have invented the alphabet.
Thoth is believed to be self-created. He played a vital role in Egyptian mythology and is credited to have invented civilized government, the alphabet, reading, writing, and oratory. astronomy, astrology, mathematics, geometry, land surveying, medicine, botany, theology, civilized government, reading, writing and oratory by the Greeks.
The Greeks further claimed that he was the true author of every work of every branch of knowledge, human and divine. He is most prominent for telling the magic words to resurrect Osiris to Isis.
Luna is the Roman goddess of the Moon. It is unclear whether Luna is just another name for Hecate or Prosperine. Not much is known about Luna.
Selene is the Greek goddess of the Moon. She is the sister of Helios and Eos, and the daughter of Hyperion and Theia. Described as ‘white-armed’ and ‘lovely-haired’, she is famously known for her various affairs with mortals and immortals alike.
The night sky is filled with wonder. What does your culture say about the moon? Spread the knowledge. Share the love.